how to grow lotus seeds

How to Grow Lotus from Seeds: A Complete Guide for Beginners

Key Takeaways
– Lotus plants are beautiful and beneficial aquatic plants that can be grown from seeds.
– To grow lotus from seeds, you need to choose and prepare healthy and viable seeds, plant and germinate them in a suitable pot, pond, or container, care for them in different stages of development, and harvest and store them for future use.
– Growing lotus from seeds requires some patience and attention, but it is rewarding and enjoyable.

Have you ever admired the beauty and elegance of lotus flowers? Have you ever wondered how to grow them in your own garden or home? If so, you are not alone. Lotus plants are one of the most popular and attractive aquatic plants in the world. They have a rich history and symbolism in many cultures and religions, and they offer many benefits for humans and animals.

Lotus plants belong to the genus Nelumbo, which has two species: Nelumbo nucifera (also known as sacred lotus or Asian lotus) and Nelumbo lutea (also known as American lotus or yellow lotus). They are native to Asia, Australia, North America, and South America, but they can be cultivated in any climate with enough water and sunlight. They have large round leaves that float on the water surface, and stunning flowers that rise above the leaves. They also have edible parts, such as seeds, roots, stems, and petals, that are used for food, medicine, and tea.

One of the most fascinating aspects of lotus plants is that they can be grown from seeds. Lotus seeds are hard and durable, and they can remain viable for hundreds or even thousands of years. In fact, some of the oldest germinated seeds in the world are lotus seeds that were found in a dry lake bed in China and dated to be about 1,300 years old. Imagine growing a plant that has such a long and ancient history!

In this article, we will show you how to grow lotus from seeds step by step. We will cover everything you need to know, from choosing and preparing lotus seeds, to planting and germinating them, to caring for them in different stages of growth, to harvesting and storing them for future use. By following this guide, you will be able to enjoy the beauty and benefits of lotus plants in your own garden or home.

How to Choose and Prepare Lotus Seeds

Close up photo of various lotus seeds - dark brown, black, some sprouting

The first step to grow lotus from seeds is to choose and prepare healthy and viable seeds. This is important because not all lotus seeds are suitable for planting. Some may be damaged, diseased, or dead, and some may not germinate at all.

Here are some tips on how to choose and prepare lotus seeds:

  • Choose dark brown or black seeds with a hard shell. These are the signs of mature and healthy lotus seeds that have a high chance of germinating. Avoid green or soft seeds, as these are immature or rotten.
  • Buy lotus seeds from reputable sources. You can buy lotus seeds online or from local nurseries or garden centers. Make sure they are fresh and clean, and check the reviews or ratings of the sellers. You can also collect lotus seeds from existing lotus plants if you have access to them.
  • Soak lotus seeds in water for 24 hours. This will help soften the seed coat and activate the embryo inside. Use clean water at room temperature, and change it every 12 hours. You can use a bowl, a jar, or a plastic bag to soak the seeds.
  • File or cut a small hole in the seed coat. This will help speed up the germination process by allowing water and oxygen to enter the seed. Use a metal file, a knife, or a pair of scissors to make a small hole on the opposite side of the seed eye (the small dimple on one end of the seed). Be careful not to damage the embryo inside.
  • Watch out for mold, fungus, or rotting. These are some common problems that may arise when choosing and preparing lotus seeds. If you notice any white fuzz, black spots, or foul smell on your seeds, discard them immediately. You can prevent these problems by using clean water and tools, sterilizing your seeds with bleach or hydrogen peroxide before soaking them, and rinsing them with fresh water after filing or cutting them.
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How to Plant and Germinate Lotus Seeds

how to grow lotus seeds

The next step to grow lotus from seeds is to plant and germinate them in a suitable pot, pond, or container. This is a crucial step because it will determine how well your lotus plants will grow and flower.

Here are some options on how to plant and germinate lotus seeds:

  • Use a pot. This is the easiest and most common option for growing lotus from seeds. You can use any pot that is at least 10 inches in diameter and 6 inches in depth, and has drainage holes at the bottom. Fill the pot with clay or sand, which are the best types of soil for lotus plants. Place the seeds in the soil, and cover them with a thin layer of soil or gravel. Add water to the pot until it reaches about 2 inches above the soil. Place the pot in a sunny location, such as a windowsill, a balcony, or a greenhouse.
  • Use a pond. This is the most natural and authentic option for growing lotus from seeds. You can use any pond that is at least 2 feet deep and has calm and clear water. You can also add some aquatic plants or fish to your pond to create a balanced ecosystem. Place the seeds in the pond, and cover them with a thin layer of soil or gravel. Make sure they are not disturbed by waves, currents, or predators. Place the pond in a sunny location, such as a backyard, a garden, or a park.
  • Use a container without soil. This is an alternative and experimental option for growing lotus from seeds. You can use any container that is at least 10 inches in diameter and 6 inches in depth, and has no drainage holes at the bottom. You can use a glass bowl, a plastic tub, or a metal bucket to hold the water. Place the seeds in the water, and cover them with a thin layer of gravel or pebbles. Add some liquid fertilizer to the water to provide nutrients for the plants. Place the container in a sunny location, such as a table, a shelf, or a counter.

Here are some tips on how to germinate lotus seeds:

  • Maintain a water temperature of 20-30°C. This is the optimal range for lotus seed germination. You can use a thermometer to check the water temperature regularly, and adjust it by adding hot or cold water as needed. You can also use a heater or a cooler to control the water temperature if you have one.
  • Change the water every 2-3 days. This will help keep the water clean and fresh, and prevent algae, bacteria, or fungus from growing. You can use tap water or distilled water to replace the old water, and make sure it is at the same temperature as before.
  • Watch for signs of sprouting. This will indicate that your lotus seeds have germinated successfully. You should see a white root emerging from the hole in the seed coat within 3-5 days, followed by a green shoot within 7-10 days. The root will grow downward into the soil or water, while the shoot will grow upward toward the light.

Here are some common problems or challenges that may arise when planting and germinating lotus seeds:

  • Algae. These are green or brown organisms that may grow on the surface of the water or soil, and compete with your lotus plants for light and nutrients. You can prevent algae by changing the water frequently, adding some aquatic plants or fish to your pond or container, or using an algaecide product if necessary.
  • Pests. These are insects or animals that may feed on your lotus seeds or plants, and cause damage or disease. You can prevent pests by covering your pot, pond, or container with a mesh or netting, using some natural repellents or pesticides if needed, or removing them manually if you see them.
  • Diseases. These are infections or disorders that may affect your lotus seeds or plants, and cause symptoms such as wilting, yellowing, browning, or rotting. You can prevent diseases by choosing healthy and viable seeds, using clean water and tools, sterilizing your seeds before planting them, and treating them with some fungicides or antibiotics if needed.
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How to Care for Lotus Plants

how to grow lotus seeds

The final step to grow lotus from seeds is to care for them in different stages of development. This is essential because it will determine how well your lotus plants will grow and flower.

Here are some tips on how to care for lotus plants in different stages:

  • Seedlings. These are young lotus plants that have just sprouted from the seeds. They have one root and one shoot each, and they need plenty of light and water to grow. You should keep them in their original pot, pond, or container until they develop two leaves each.
  • Young plants. These are lotus plants that have grown two leaves each, and are ready to be transplanted to larger pots, ponds, or containers. They need more space and nutrients to grow bigger and stronger. You should transplant them carefully without damaging their roots or shoots, and use clay pots with drainage holes for pots, large ponds with calm water for ponds, or large containers with gravel or pebbles for containers. You should also add some slow-release fertilizer to the soil or water to provide nutrients for the plants.
  • Mature plants. These are lotus plants that have grown several leaves and stems, and are ready to produce flowers. They need a lot of sunlight and water to bloom and thrive. You should keep them in a sunny location, such as outdoors or near a window, and make sure the water level is at least 2 inches above the soil or gravel. You should also add some liquid fertilizer to the water every 2 weeks to boost the flowering process.
  • Flowering plants. These are lotus plants that have produced buds and flowers, and are ready to be admired and enjoyed. They have a blooming season that lasts from spring to fall, and they produce flowers that last for 3-5 days each. You should keep them in a sunny location, and make sure the water is clean and clear. You should also prune any dead or damaged leaves or flowers to maintain the health and appearance of the plants.

Here are some common problems or challenges that may arise when caring for lotus plants:

  • Yellowing leaves. These are leaves that turn yellow due to lack of nutrients, sunlight, or water. You can prevent yellowing leaves by providing enough fertilizer, light, and water for your lotus plants, and removing any yellow leaves as soon as you see them.
  • Wilting flowers. These are flowers that wilt due to high temperature, low humidity, or pests. You can prevent wilting flowers by keeping your lotus plants in a cool and moist environment, spraying them with water mist occasionally, and protecting them from insects or animals.
  • Poor blooming. These are plants that produce few or no flowers due to overcrowding, overfeeding, or underfeeding. You can prevent poor blooming by giving your lotus plants enough space and nutrients to grow and flower, and avoiding over-fertilizing or under-fertilizing them.
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How to Harvest and Store Lotus Seeds

Photo of hand holding dried brown lotus seed pods, some split open with seeds visible

The last step to grow lotus from seeds is to harvest and store them for future use. This is beneficial because you can use the seeds for planting new lotus plants, eating them as a snack or a medicine, or sharing them with your friends or family.

Here are some tips on how to harvest and store lotus seeds:

  • Wait for the seed pods to turn brown and dry. This will indicate that the seeds are mature and ready to be harvested. The seed pods are the round structures that form at the center of the flowers after they wilt. They have several holes that contain the seeds inside.
  • Break the seed pods open carefully. This will help you collect the seeds inside without damaging them. You can use your hands, a knife, or a pair of scissors to break the seed pods open gently.
  • Collect the seeds inside. This will help you obtain the seeds that you can use for various purposes. You can use your fingers, a spoon, or a tweezers to pick the seeds out of the holes in the seed pods.
  • Clean the seeds with water. This will help you remove any dirt or debris from the seeds. You can use tap water or distilled water to rinse the seeds gently.
  • Dry the seeds with a paper towel. This will help you remove any excess moisture from the seeds. You can use a clean paper towel to pat the seeds dry softly.
  • Store the seeds in an airtight container or bag. This will help you preserve the viability and quality of the seeds. You can use a plastic container or bag, a glass jar, or a metal tin to store the seeds securely.
  • Keep the seeds in a cool and dark place. This will help you extend the shelf life of the seeds. You can keep them in a refrigerator, a freezer, or a cupboard.

Here are some common problems or challenges that may arise when harvesting and storing lotus seeds:

  • Mold. This is a white or gray fuzz that may grow on the seeds due to high moisture or humidity. You can prevent mold by drying the seeds thoroughly before storing them, and checking them regularly for any signs of mold.
  • Insects. These are small creatures that may infest the seeds due to poor sanitation or ventilation. You can prevent insects by cleaning the seeds and the storage container or bag before storing them, and sealing them tightly.
  • Loss of viability. This is a decrease in the ability of the seeds to germinate due to aging or exposure to light, heat, or oxygen. You can prevent loss of viability by storing the seeds in a cool and dark place, and using them within a year.

Conclusion

Growing lotus from seeds is a rewarding and enjoyable hobby that anyone can try. By following this guide, you will be able to grow beautiful and healthy lotus plants from seeds in your own pot, pond, or container. You will also be able to harvest and store lotus seeds for future use or consumption.

Lotus plants are not only attractive and beneficial, but also symbolic and meaningful. They represent purity, beauty, wisdom, and enlightenment in many cultures and religions. They also have a long and ancient history that spans across continents and civilizations.

By growing lotus from seeds, you will be able to connect with nature, culture, and history in a unique and personal way. You will also be able to share your passion and experience with others who appreciate the beauty and benefits of lotus plants.

We hope you enjoyed this article and learned something new. If you have any questions or feedback, please leave a comment below. We would love to hear from you.

Happy growing!

About The Author

Samantha
Samantha

I'm Samantha, a plant enthusiast who has been growing plants for years. I believe that plants can make our lives better, both physically and mentally. I started growit.wiki to share my knowledge about how to grow plants. I want to help others enjoy the beauty and benefits of plants.

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